Directorate General of Analytics and Risk Management (DGARM)

DG Analytics and Risk Management

The Directorate General of Analytics and Risk Management (DGARM) has been set up, w.e.f. 01-07-2018, to provide intelligence inputs and carry out big data analytics to assist the tax officers for better policy formulation and nabbing evaders. The DGARM functions under the Central Board of Indirect Tax and Customs (CBIC), mainly to use internal and external sources for detailed data mining to generate actionable inputs.  The DGARM is an attached office of the CBIC which reports to Chairman, CBIC through Member (Investigation). This Directorate General functions for Customs, Central Excise and Goods and Services Tax.

2. The DGARM functions as an apex body of CBIC for data analytics and risk management. The data analytics and processing coupled with intelligence inputs would inter-alia provide the CBIC the national and sub-national perspective for policy formulation. The field formations of CBIC gainfully and effectively utilize the data and other inputs shared by DGARM.

3. The DGARM works in close coordination with Directorate General of Systems and Data Management, Directorate General of Revenue Intelligence, Directorate General of Goods and Services Tax Intelligence, Directorate General of Audit and Directorate General of Valuation. The DGARM utilizes internal and external data sources for detailed data mining and analysis to generate outputs for focused and targeted action by field formations and investigation wings of CBIC. It in conjunction with DG Systems, organize, evaluate and interpret data for the purposes of effective, efficient and targeted policy formulation and revenue administration.

Roles and Responsibilities of the Verticals under DGARM :

The Directorate General of Analytics and Risk Management (DGARM) have the following verticals and functions :

(i) Centre for Business Intelligence & Analytics at Delhi : This Unit is responsible for identification of different information requirements of CBIC. It utilizes data feeds from internal sources including historical data, offence data, business data, etc. CBIA also is the nodal agency for identifying sources of data which can strengthen Analytics at CBIC and in conjunction with DG Systems, evolve ways to obtain such data for use at CBIC, especially where these sources involve electronically available data. CBIA is responsible for providing analytical input to support identification, targeting and risk management functions of National Targeting Centre, Risk Management Centre for Goods and Services Tax, Risk Management Centre for Customs, as well as policy formulation. It explores ways to incorporate advancements in the area of Analytics, such as Internet of Things, Image Analytics and GIS mapping etc .. for use at CBIC.

(ii) Risk Management Centre for Goods and Services Tax & Targeted Enforcement at Delhi : Goods and Services Tax Risk Management Centre develops appropriate risk management tools and techniques, institutionalize mechanism to collect necessary inputs, adopt coordinated approach and share the outcome for risk based identification for the purposes of scrutiny, audit and enforcement functions.

(iii) [Risk Management Centre for Customs] *National Customs Targeting Centre for Cargo (NCTC - Cargo) at Mumbai : The Risk Management Division of Customs at Mumbai was renamed as Risk Management Center for Customs. This Unit is responsible for the application of nationally coordinated approach to Risk Analyses, Assessment and Targeting of risky cargo crossing the borders through sea, air & land. It has the overall responsibility for the management of the Risk Management System and related software applications for targeting potential risks. RMC identifies, develops, updates and maintains risk parameters and profiles in relation to the trade, commodities and all stakeholders in global supply chain.

(iv) [National Targeting Centre] *National Customs Targeting Cenre for Passenger (NCTC - Pax) at Mumbai : National Targeting Centre is responsible for the application of nationally coordinated approach to Risk Analyses and Targeting of risky goods and passengers crossing the borders of the country. It provides 24x7 operational risk interdiction supports to field formations of Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs. National Targeting Centre institutionalizes coordination with other Government Departments and other stakeholders for sharing databases, information, intelligence, reports etc. to build risk profile of entities.

Based on CBIC Office Memorandum dated 11-07-2017.

* Redesignated CBIC Office Memorandum F.No. 11013/19/2017-Ad.IV dated 01-01-2021.